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Over the years, investigators have evaluated the local folklore of
areas where sightings of the celebrated Abominable Snowman
have been reported. The same scientists have collected physical
evidence, such as footprints, body parts, and photographs, but
this evidence remains unconvincing. In 1960 the renowned
mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand conducted an
investigation of the reports of the creature, but found no evidence
of its existence.
The word celebrated in the passage is closest in meaning to
Exercises that demand total body involvement improve and
maintain fitness. The most effective way to feel more mentally
alert and energetic is to engage in aerobic activity at least three
times a week for 30 minutes. Such activities may include Jogging,
running, swimming, dancing, and fast walking.
The word energetic in the passage is closest in meaning to
Most people do not appreciate the importance of packaging.
Packages maintain the purity and freshness of their contents and
protect them from elements outside. If the contents are harmful.
corrosive, or poisonous, the package must also protect the
outside environment. A package must identify its contents, which
facilitates distribution of the product.
The word distribution in the passage is closest in meaning to
A contemporary issue among psychologists is the activation or
cause of emotion, its structure or components, and its functions
and consequences. Each of these aspects can be considered
from a biosocial view. Generally, biosocial theory focuses on
the neurophysiological aspects of emotions and their roles as
organizers of cognition and motivators of action.
The word contemporary in the passage is closest in meaning to
The early artists of the Hudson River school were Thomas
Doughty, Asher Durand, and Thomas Cole. They found the
wilderness in the Hudson River valley appealing. Although
these painters studied in Europe, they first achieved a measure
of success at home, and chose the common theme of the
remoteness and splendor of the American interior.
The word appealing in the passage is closest in meaning to
Recent polls suggest that fewer people see an advantage in
moving to the city than they used to. There was a time when
cities attracted country dwellers like powerful magnets: cities had
more jobs, better schools, more services. Today, people often see
pollution, crime, stress, and unemployment where they once saw
opportunity. Instead of advantages, they see disadvantages in
uprooting their families for the uncertainty of urban life.
In stating that fewer people see an advantage in moving to the
city, the author means that fewer people
1. consider cities a poor option.
2. pref er to relocate to big cities.
3. take a positive view of cities.
4. view city life as advantageous.
The growing popularity of television in the 1950s marked
an important turning point in the entertainment world. This
development created vast new entertainment choices for people
who lived within the signal areas of’IV stations. Later, with the
advent of satellite and cable ‘IV, almost everyone, regardless of
location, was able to experience this entertainment medium.
The word advent in the passage is closest in meaning to
Passerines form the dominant avian group on Earth today. They
are regarded as the most highly evolved of all birds and occur
in abundance. Humans have long enjoyed passerines for their
songs and their almost infinite variety of colors, patterns, and
behavioral traits. Many passerines are considered to be quite
agile. Among the most energetic of them is the swallow, whose
small body is designed for effortless maneuvering.
The word agile in the passage is closest in meaning to
In part because seafood tends to spoil rapidly, in certain areas
of the United States, shrimping is allowed only during specific
predetermined seasons. For example, in Mississippi tidal waters,
shrimping is allowed only between October and May. In the past,
this short season made it difficult to find shrimp out of season.
However, the development of freezing techniques in the 1940s
encouraged the shrimping industry to expand, making it a global
industry. The United States now imports shrimp from over sixty
countries and shrimp can be bought at any time of the year.
The word encouraged in the passage is closest in meaning to
Scientific disciplines, such as genetic engineering, are exploding
with possibilities. As a result of new technologies and procedures
to treat health conditions, new treatments for many diseases
have been developed. Although the development of advanced
methods will continue to change the face of healthcare, moral
beliefs often collide with scientific advancements, slowing down
the progress of some healthcare treatments.
The phrase collide with in the passage is closest in meaning to
1. are in opposition to
2. are absent from
3. are associated with
4. are concerned about