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Complete the sentences using the words in brackets.
► Rachel: Do you want to walk? ~ Vicky: Yes, let’s not get a bus. (instead of)
Vicky wants to walk instead of getting a bus.
1- Sarah: Did you get through the work? ~ Mark: Yes, I stayed up all night. (by)
Mark got through the work
2- Melanie: When do you take the pills? ~ David: The minute I wake in the morning. (on)
David has to take the pills
3- Mike: So you got the answer? ~ Harriet: Yes, and I didn’t use a calculator. (without)
Harriet got the answer
4- Emma: Why the rucksack? ~ Matthew: So I can carry the food. (for)
The rucksack is
5- Trevor: Sorry I forgot the sugar. ~ Laura: Well, you had it on your list. (in spite of)
Trevor forgot the sugar
6- Mark: Do you have to do the typing? ~ Secretary: Yes, and book some flights. (as well as)
The secretary has to book some flights
This structure is often used in instructions (sentences which tell people what to do).
Put in before or after and the ing-form of the verb in brackets.
► Replace the top on the bottle after taking (take) the medicine.
1- Read the contract through carefully (sign) it.
2- You shouldn’t have a bath straight (eat) a meal.
3- (leave) home ring the airport to check that your flight is on schedule.
4- Always put your skis away carefully (use) them.
5- Be sure to switch off the electricity (change) a fuse.
6- Make sure the safety chain is on (open) the door.
Ron Mason owns a supermarket business. Write the sentences for a magazine article about his life. Join two sentences into one using the words in brackets.
► He saw an empty shop. He was walking around town one day. (while)
He saw an empty shop while walking around town one day.
1- He thought carefully. He decided to buy it. (before)
2- He bought the shop. He had little money of his own. (despite)
3- He became successful. He gave the customers what they wanted. (by)
4- He put the profit back into the business. He didn’t spend it on himself. (instead of)
5- He was happy. He was running his own business. (when)
6- He fell ill. He worked too hard. (as a result of)
7- He has made a lot of money. He bought his first shop ten years ago. (since)